Social Representations of Istanbul: Socio-Spatial Analysis via Visual and Verbal Techniques
The aim of this study is to examine how Istanbul is represented visually and verbally adopting the approach of Social Representations. A field study was carried out with 158 undergraduate students in Istanbul. A questionnaire form was administered in the first stage of study including questions about the demographic characteristics of participants, and their metaphors about Istanbul. The drawings as a visual technique were used in the second stage. The results were analyzed by inductive content analysis. The prominent themes in drawings were grouped as ‘panorama of Istanbul,’ ‘problems of Istanbul,’ and ‘behaviors and appearances of residents in Istanbul.’ The results of metaphor analysis revealed the following salient themes: ‘contrasts,’ ‘diversities,’ and ‘problems.’ The social representations of Istanbul are influenced by its socio-cultural diversity, spatial properties, historical background, problems, people’s daily activities there.