Indian and Indigenous at the North, South and Center of the Country’s Collective Representations, Recollections and Ideology in Mexico
Even when both the indigenous and Spanish cultures are essential components of miscegenation, the widely spread stories about the Conquest do not grant a clear and positive position to the Indigenous nor to the term Indian. On the contrary, in the case of the word Indian, we are aware that it is devaluated, while the word indigenous has been proposed to bring a positive value to that culture and past. We can state that these social objects: Indian and Indigenous are linked to the ideology of our culture. Our study aims at exploring the words and ideas associated with these terms: Indian and Indigenous, as well as the values associated to each one of them within the social thinking of the surveyed groups. Furthermore, we asked ourselves whether those ideas are a social or collective representation, to the extent that they are strongly linked to the country’s ideology.