Identity representations and intergenerational transmission of values: the case of a religious minority in Israel
The main hypothesis of the paper is that social representations of identity contribute to intergenerational value transmission beyond children’s perception and acceptance of their parental values. The hypothesis was tested on a sample of 412 parental pairs and their 16-18-year-old daughters or sons (N =1236) living in the Religious- Zionist Jewish communities in Israel. Parents’ and children’s values of Tradition and a combined Self-enhancement value score were assessed by Schwartz’s value scale, and two identity representations – Religious- Zionistic and Solidarity-Conflict – were tapped by an original instrument constructed specifically for this research. The values and the identity representations were divided into hegemonic vs. emancipated. Results supported the hypothesis regarding the hegemonic social representations of the value of tradition, but not for those of emancipated representations self -enhancement values. Its import to SRT literature is the unique identity definition as a social representation and the theoretical and the empirical elaboration of the concepts of hegemonic and emancipated representations.